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Ground Loss

This program is used for analysis and determination of the shape of subsidence trough above excavations and to evaluate the damage to buildings situated in the affected area.

Try GEO5 software yourself.
For free, without analysis restrictions.

Main features

  • Subsidence trough analysis using the Volume Loss Method or classical theories (Peck, Limanov, Fazekas)
  • Shape of subsidence trough estimated using Gauss or Aversin approximation
  • Can model sequential excavation and multiple tunnel tubes
  • Determination of subsidence trough shape, settlement, gradient and horizontal strains
  • Subsidence trough analysis at ground surface or at given depth
  • Consideration of layered geological profile when using traditional methods
  • Implemented table with recommended values of VL and k when using the Volume Loss Method
  • Assessment of building damage

Building damage due to tunnelling

Considerable experience with a number of shallow tunnels excavated below built-up areas allowed the elaboration of the relationship between the shape of the subsidence trough and the damage to buildings in overburden areas. The program predicts ground movements with such precision that it is now possible to use the results to estimate financial compensation for damage induced by tunneling. Its accuracy is sufficient for the preparation of contract documents and for use by contractors bidding for tunnel construction.


The program offers four types of building damage determination:

  • Evaluation of tensile failure
  • Evaluation of failure due to trough gradient
  • Evaluation of a relative deflection of buildings (hogging, sagging)
  • Evaluation of selected section of a building

Fine Limited co-operated on development of this program with Radko Bucek MSc., Ph.D., who is a distinguished expert in the field of underground structures. He gained his considerable experience whilst working with world-known consultant companies such as Golder Associates, SG-Geotechnika and D2-Consult. He now works as the Chief Tunnel Engineer for Mott MacDonald Prague.

Get more information about the development of Ground Loss program and its practical use.

More Features

Training Materials

GEO5 2018

GEO5 2018

News & Features

  • New program Stratigraphy
  • New program Spread Footing CPT
  • Possibility to view changes during input and editing of an element
  • Design of spread footing from plain concrete (Spread Footing)

"Ground Loss" Output Report Sample

GEO5 Ground Loss - Example Output Report

Main Advantages

  • Customizable report structure
  • Report header personalization
  • Add and edit unlimited images from the analysis
  • Pictures automatically update to show results based on current settings

Try GEO5 software yourself.
For free, without analysis restrictions.

The software won't run on mobile devices. We can however send you a download link to your email.

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